Surgical treatment for hair transplantation
Alopecia or male pattern baldness is a commonly occurring hair fall and baldness condition in men. While in some cases the condition is triggered and aggravated by stress, metabolic disorders, hormonal changes and malnutrition; more often than not it is caused by a genetic predisposition. Surgical hair transplantation is the only effective option to treat permanent baldness with lasting effects.
There are four major types of surgical hair transplant treatments available –
- Follicular Unit Extraction: FUE or Follicular Unit Extraction entails selection and extraction of active follicles from the donor sites in the scalp, with 1-4 active hair strands. These follicles are extracted from a patch of 0.6mm to 1mm area and are transplanted into the balding recipient site. This method leaves minor punctuated scars on the scalp and doesn’t require any stitching. As a minimally invasive procedure, it may require multiple sessions for the complete effect to emerge.
The proportion of effectively transplanted hair follicles through this procedure is much less as compared to strip harvesting. Repetitive FUE procedure also reduces the chances of appropriate strip selection for future strip harvesting. But the fact that the procedure requires a recuperation period of mere 7 to 10 days, makes it a widely popular surgical hair transplant procedure among patients.
- Strip Harvesting: This procedure entails excising a 1-1.5cm x15-30 cm long strip from a donor site (with active hair follicles) on the scalp and transplanting it on a recipient site (with bald patch). This strip of hair thus harvested and grafted into another location, requires proper surgical procedure to be conducted under general or local anesthesia. A resultant pencil scar in the donor site gets covered by normal hair growth. The grafted skin in the recipient site requires stitches which are removed by the trichologist at the end of two weeks of recuperation period.
- Scalp reduction: This process entails surgical removal of scalp skin which is bald and stretching the adjoining area with active hair follicles to cover this area. This results in scalp reduction as the stretched ends of the skin are stitched together to cover the scalp with lesser skin than originally was present.
The resultant hair growth may look unnatural as the natural flow of hair is disrupted by scalp reduction. Its side effects may include infections, hemorrhaging and hematoma formation. Sometimes the stitched scar may also stretch into a dog-ear scar (wide scar) with no hair growth on it. But despite all these factors, scalp reduction continues to be a popular method for surgical hair transplant in India.
- Hair Implants: This process entails surgical implantation of artificial hair in the balding area. Its side effects may include scarring of scalp and infection, therefore making it the least popular hair transplantation process. At times even the implanted hair can fall off, rendering the surgical process useless.
Surgical hair transplant in India can be administered by a trained dermatologist or trichologist. The procedure is conducted under local anesthesia and is minimally invasive, but requires special operative instruments and functional expertise. To know more aboutsurgical hair transplant in India, visit hairtreatmentmumbai.com and find the most compatible hair transplant option with your hair fall condition.